So you want to get hacking in Scala, but you don’t know where to start? Read on. This post is a summary of the bare minimum you need to get running.
First, become root, and install the Scala compiler package with
Now you can compile scala files with
scalac, and run the REPL with
This step might not be strictly necessary because sbt (below) downloads and uses the correct compiler version for you, but if you ever use scala without sbt, you’ll probably want this package.
sbt: the Simple1 Build Tool
Install the package with
And you’re done!
Actually, you really should read the Getting Started guide, because otherwise, if you’re like me, you’re going to be completely baffled when you try to use it.
Basically, sbt is a build tool on steroids: if it has no configuration file (a “.sbt build definition”), it will hunt down your project files using a bunch of rules. From the guide:
sbt will find the following automatically:
- Sources in the base directory
- Sources in src/main/scala or src/main/java
- Tests in src/test/scala or src/test/java
- Data files in src/main/resources or src/test/resources
- jars in lib
Once loaded (which takes a long time the first time around2), you’ll be in the sbt console. Some useful commands to note:
run: Run your program
console: Get a scala REPL. Ctrl+D to quit back to sbt.
clean: Clean all built files
compile: Go on, take a wild guess.
Also useful: you can make a command run in the background whenever you change a file by prefixing it with
~. For example,
> ~ compile will recompile your project on every source file change.
See the guide for more commands.